Hearing and Clinical Otologic Profile of Filipinos Living in Southern Tagalog Region IV-A (CALABARZON), Philippines: The Southern Tagalog ENT Hearing Specialists (STENTS) Survey 2012-2017

Authors

  • Patrick Joseph M. Pardo, MD
  • Angeline Niñal-Vilog, MD De La Salle University Medical Center
  • Jose M. Acuin, MD, MSc Asian Hospital and Medical Center
  • Christopher Malorre E. Calaquian, MD Philippine General Hospital - University of the Philippines Manila
  • Rubiliza DC. Onofre-Telan, MD Qualimed Hospital-Santa Rosa https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2031-638X

Keywords:

prevalence, hearing loss, CSOM, pediatrics, adults, presbycusis, survey, otoscopy, otology

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: To determine the prevalence of hearing loss and otologic diseases among Filipinos living in the Southern Tagalog Region IV-A: CALABARZON (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon), Philippines.

Methods:

Design: Retrospective Review of Community Survey Data

Setting: Communities in Region IV-A provinces, Philippines

Participants: 3267 residents of the five provinces aged 0 months and above

Results: About 71.29% and 74.60% had at least mild hearing loss, in right and left ears, respectively. For disabling hearing impairment, overall prevalence was 26.33%, distributed into 11.87% among 4 to 18-year-olds; 8.97% for 19 to 64-year-olds; and 3.17% for 65-year-olds and above. Absence of prevalent and hearing loss-associated diseases: serous otitis media [OR 0.362, 95% CI 0.167 to 0.782, p = .010], CSOM [OR 0.407, 95% CI 0.236 to 0.703, p = .001] COM [OR 0.229, 95% CI 0.106 to 0.494, p < .001] can decrease the risk for hearing loss development in the region. Prevention of noise-induced hearing loss or delay in the manifestation of presbycusis can reduce the risk of having hearing loss by as much as 75% [OR 0.253, 95% CI (0.180 to 0.355), p < .001]. All pure tone audiometry measurements were obtained with surrounding median ambient noise of 55dB (IQR 46 to 60dB).

Conclusion: The prevalence of hearing loss among surveyed residents of the Southern Tagalog Region IV-A provinces was high compared to the previous nationwide study but low compared to other low- and middle-income countries. The top otologic conditions of this population (ear occlusion with ear wax, chronic suppurative otitis media, chronic otitis media, presbycusis, noise- induced hearing loss) were associated with hearing loss and their absence decreased the risks for hearing impairment.

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Published

2022-11-15

How to Cite

1.
Pardo PJ, Niñal-Vilog A, Acuin J, Calaquian CM, Onofre-Telan R. Hearing and Clinical Otologic Profile of Filipinos Living in Southern Tagalog Region IV-A (CALABARZON), Philippines: The Southern Tagalog ENT Hearing Specialists (STENTS) Survey 2012-2017. Philipp J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 15 [cited 2022 Dec. 6];37(2):8. Available from: https://pjohns.pso-hns.org/index.php/pjohns/article/view/2017