The Philippine National Ear Institute: Patient and Audiologic Profiles

Authors

  • Regie Lyn P. Santos-Cortez Philippine National Ear Institute, National Institutes of Health – University of the Philippines Manila; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Charlotte M. Chiong Philippine National Ear Institute, National Institutes of Health – University of the Philippines Manila; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Ma. Luz San Agustin Philippine National Ear Institute, National Institutes of Health – University of the Philippines Manila; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Charina Melinda C. Elgar Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Genilou Liv M. Gimena Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Scheherazade C. Ibrahim Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Rodante A. Roldan Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Ma. Rina T. Reyes-Quintos Philippine National Ear Institute, National Institutes of Health – University of the Philippines Manila; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Abner L. Chan Philippine National Ear Institute, National Institutes of Health – University of the Philippines Manila; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital
  • Generoso T. Abes Philippine National Ear Institute, National Institutes of Health – University of the Philippines Manila; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32412/pjohns.v22i1-2.789

Keywords:

Philippine National Ear Institute, Philippines, patient profile, audiology, audiometry, tympanometry, otoacoustic emissions, chronic otitis media

Abstract

Background:  The Philippine National Ear Institute (PNEI) was created to promote health of hearing and balance among Filipinos.  Over the years it,  has provided audiologic services to thousands of patients annually and has published relevant hearing and balance research.

Objective:  To describe the patients served by the PNEI in terms of age, region of origin, occupation, pretest diagnosis, and audiologic results.

Methods: 

Study Design: Cross-sectional study

Setting: National tertiary care center

Population: All records of patients referred for audiologic testing at PNEI in 2006 were reviewed and encoded into analyzable format.

Results: A total of 1,756 patients had audiologic records for review. Median age was 32.5 years, with the age distribution presented according to sex, type of tests done including common reasons for referral, and median threshold levels by frequency. Coverage was national in scope, with most patients coming from the National Capital Region and from Regions III and IVa. Occupation was indicated in 37.8% of the working age group, most of whom were unemployed. The most common pretest diagnosis was chronic otitis media (26.6%), followed by hearing loss of unknown etiology (13.0%) and tinnitus (9.3%). Severity of hearing impairment based on pure tone audiometry was variable, and was presented according to common diagnoses. About 39% of hearing impairment cases were sensorineural, 36% conductive and 25% due to mixed defect. Bilateral Type A ears were found in 45.4% of patients by tympanometry, while 29.3% were bilateral Type B. For otoacoustic emissions, 69.0% were labeled as “refer” in at least one ear.

Conclusion:  The PNEI is a major national referral center for audiology that holds much promise in developing programs for national surveillance of the hearing status of different sectors in Philippine society.

 

Keywords: Philippine National Ear Institute, Philippines, patient profile, audiology, audiometry, tympanometry, otoacoustic emissions, chronic otitis media

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Published

2007-11-28

How to Cite

1.
Santos-Cortez RLP, Chiong CM, San Agustin ML, Elgar CMC, Gimena GLM, Ibrahim SC, Roldan RA, Reyes-Quintos MRT, Chan AL, Abes GT. The Philippine National Ear Institute: Patient and Audiologic Profiles. Philipp J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg [Internet]. 2007 Nov. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 17];22(1-2):12-8. Available from: https://pjohns.pso-hns.org/index.php/pjohns/article/view/789

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