Self-Reported Assessment of Outcome-Based Education in Philippine Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Residency Training Programs by Consultants and Residents
Keywords:outcome-based education, outcome process assessment, health care, otolaryngology, health plan implementation, formative feedback, internship and residency, teaching, medical graduate education
Objective: To determine the self-reported assessment of initial implementation of the 3 domains of Outcome-Based Education in accredited Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery residency training programs in the Philippines by consultants and residents and explore any associations between their demographic profiles and assessments.
Design: Mixed Method Research Design
Setting: Multicenter - 30 accredited ORL-HNS residency training institutions in
the Philippines- National Capital Region (NCR) 19, Luzon 7, Visayas 2, and Mindanao 2.
Participants: A total of 129 consultants and 82 second to fourth year residents in training were included in the study by convenience sampling. First-year residents who started their residency training in January 2020 were excluded. Respondents answered self-reported questionnaires to assess implementation of the 3 domains of OBE: intended learning outcomes (ILO), teaching and learning activities (TLA) and assessment tasks (AT) using the 4-point scale score from “fully implemented” (4) to “not implemented” (1). Results of questionnaires were confirmed using open-ended questions on the challenges of OBE with a focused group discussion among 4 consultants and 1 resident.
Results: The self-reported assessment of respondents on OBE implementation was “fully implemented” in the 3 domains. However, low numerical scores were seen for “managing community health and social need” in the ILO and “laboratory activities and workshops” in the TLA for both consultants and residents, in the assessment task (AT “multisource feedback by nurses and administrative staff” for the consultants, and “direct observation of performance skills for patient encounter” for residents. Among the 7 modules, “research methodology” had the lowest score for both consultants’ and residents’ self-perception. Challenges of OBE revealed included “mastery,” “time” and “data keeping.” Consultants younger than 60 years of age who had been in the department longer than 3 years and residents who attended an OBE workshop / lecture tended to give higher scores
Conclusion: Two years after distribution of the manual on OBE to ORL-HNS residency training institutions, the consultants’ and residents’ self-reported assessment on implementation in all the 3 domains of OBE was “fully implemented.”
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