Dysphonia in Smokers of Combustible Cigarettes and E-cigarettes Measured Using the Filipino Voice Handicap Index


  • Maria Angela S. Dealino, MD Philippine General Hospital-University of the Philippines Manila https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4465-8360
  • Anna Pamela C. Dela Cruz, MD University of the Philippine - Philippine General Hospital




Dysphonia, Smoking, Vaping, E-cigarette, Cigarette, Voice Handicap



Objectives: To determine the prevalence of dysphonia, defined as any perceived voice pathology, in conventional cigarette smokers and e-cigarette users and to quantify and compare the Filipino Voice Handicap Index (VHI) scores of the two groups based on the mean scores for each of the three domains of this tool, as well as the mean total score for each group.


Design: Cross-sectional study

Setting: Tertiary National University Hospital

Participants: 52 adults between the ages 18-65 with no previously known laryngeal illness or condition were divided into 26 conventional smokers and 26 e-cigarette users and completed the self-administered Filipino Voice Handicap Index.


Results: The prevalence of impairment in the sample using a total VHI score cut-off of 18 was 17.31% (9 out of 52, CI 8.23-30.32%) and the prevalence of dysphonic symptoms in the sample was 86.54% (45 out of 52, CI 74.21-94.41%). There were no significant differences between smokers and e-cigarette users for impairment using this cut-off (z: -1.36, p: .07) and dysphonic symptoms (z: 0.4063, p: .68). The prevalence of moderate impairment was 3.85% (1 out of 26, CI: 0.10-19.64%) among those using e-cigarettes; and 1.92% (1 out of 52, CI: 0.04-10.26%) among the entire sample population.

Conclusion: There appears to be no statistically significant difference between the Filipino VHI scores of conventional smokers and e-cigarette users. Further inquiry into the subject would benefit from a larger sample size, comparison with a control group, inclusion of other factors relevant to the development of dysphonia, and correlation with objective means for voice analysis.


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How to Cite

Dealino MA, Dela Cruz AP. Dysphonia in Smokers of Combustible Cigarettes and E-cigarettes Measured Using the Filipino Voice Handicap Index. Philipp J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 5 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];37(1):27. Available from: https://pjohns.pso-hns.org/index.php/pjohns/article/view/1721