Prevalence of and Risk Factors Associated with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Carriage Among Cutting Specialties at the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center

Authors

  • Michael Robert Q. Monteverde, MD Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center
  • Ramon Carmelo V. Alcira, MD Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32412/pjohns.v39i1.2229

Keywords:

MRSA, surgical site infections, nasal MRSA, pharyngeal MRSA

Abstract

Objective: To determine the point prevalence of, and risk factors associated with MRSA carriage among resident physicians of surgical departments at the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center.

 

Methods:

            Design: Cross-sectional Study

            Setting: Tertiary Government Training Hospital

            Participants:51 resident physicians from different surgical departments (general surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology – head and neck surgery and dermatology) underwent nasal and pharyngeal swabs with microbial culture and sensitivity testing to identify MRSA carriers. Fisher Exact Test and logistic regression were utilized to determine associations between MRSA carriage and various risk factors including frequency of hand washing and departmental affiliation.

 

Results: Overall prevalence rate of MRSA carriage was 9.8%. Otorhinolaryngology residents had the highest combined prevalence of MRSA of 42.9%, significantly higher compared to other departments and were used as a reference in logistic regression analyses. Notably, handwashing only once daily was associated with a 20-fold increase in the risk of MRSA carriage (OR 20.5, 95% CI: 1.82 to 230, p = .014). Other departments did not demonstrate statistically significant differences in MRSA carriage rates.

 

Conclusions: Otorhinolaryngology resident physicians had the highest combined prevalence of MRSA and nasal MRSA was found only in otorhinolaryngology residents. The surgical subspecialty and frequency of handwashing of the healthcare worker were identified as important risk factors to develop MRSA carriage. Targeted interventions (including enhanced infection control protocols and regular screening) are needed especially in high-risk departments.

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Published

2024-05-28

How to Cite

1.
Monteverde MR, Alcira RC. Prevalence of and Risk Factors Associated with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Carriage Among Cutting Specialties at the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center. Philipp J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg [Internet]. 2024 May 28 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];39(1):12. Available from: https://pjohns.pso-hns.org/index.php/pjohns/article/view/2229