Prevalence of Supraorbital Ethmoid Air Cells among Filipinos

  • Avian Loren C. Carlos Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ‘Amang’ Rodriguez Memorial Medical Center
  • January E. Gelera Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ‘Amang’ Rodriguez Memorial Medical Center; Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery University of Santo Tomas
Keywords: supraorbital ethmoid cell, anterior ethmoid artery, paranasal CT scan, craniofacial CT scan, frontal sinus surgery

Abstract

 

Objective : This study aims to determine the prevalence of supraorbital ethmoidal cells (SOEC) among Filipinos in a single tertiary government institution. 

Methods:

 

Study Design:            Retrospective review of CT scan images

Setting:                       Single Tertiary Institution

Patients:                     123 patients aged 13-years-old and above

 

Results: A total of 474 CT scans (60 PNS and 414 Craniofacial) performed during the study period were considered, with 55 excluded for age < 13, and 296 excluded for craniofacial fractures. None had congenital craniofacial deformities.  Eighty-five of 123 CT scans (69.11%) or 147 of 246 sides (59.76%) demonstrated supraorbital ethmoidal cells. There were 62 (72.94%) males and 23 (27.06%) females, ages ranging from 13 to 83 (mean age between male and female was 39.53 and 43.57). The scans showed 62 (50.41%) patients with bilateral and 23 (18.70%) with unilateral SOEC. Twenty-two (25.9%) patients were identified with chronic rhinosinusitis and two of whom were considered to have maxillary sinus mass. Two out of 5 patients with SOEC presented with aplastic/hypoplastic frontal sinus.

Conclusion: Our study suggests that Filipinos may have a higher prevalence rate of SOEC than their Chinese, Japanese and Korean counterparts and bilateral SOEC are more predominant than unilateral SOEC.

 

Keywords: supraorbital ethmoid cell, anterior ethmoid artery, paranasal CT scan, craniofacial CT scan, frontal sinus surgery

 

Published
2018-11-13
How to Cite
1.
Carlos AL, Gelera J. Prevalence of Supraorbital Ethmoid Air Cells among Filipinos. PJOHNS [Internet]. 13Nov.2018 [cited 13Dec.2018];33(2):21-3. Available from: https://pjohns.pso-hns.org/index.php/pjohns/article/view/261