Levothyroxine versus Levothyroxine with Iodine in Reduction of Thyroid Nodule Volume: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial
Objective: To compare levothyroxine alone and in combination with iodine on thyroid nodule volume reduction.
Design: Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial
Setting: Tertiary Government Hospital
Participants: Nineteen (19) euthyroid patients age 19-54 with at least 1 cytologically benign thyroid nodule were randomized to receive either levothyroxine + iodine or levothyroxine + placebo, taken once a day for 6 months with ultrasound and thyroid stimulating hormone monitoring on the 3rd and 6th month of intervention.
Results: Main outcome measures included thyroid nodule volume reduction after six months of intervention. The mean change in volume from baseline to six months of levothyroxine + iodine group showed no statistically significant difference in nodule volume across time between levothyroxine + placebo group, -0.010 ± 1.250 (CI -0.521 - 0.501) versus 0.507 ± 1.128 (CI 0.025 - 0.990), p=.158. There were also new nodules (4 nodules) in the placebo group and none in the iodine group. No major adverse events were noted during the study.
Conclusion: The two groups did not significantly differ in terms of nodule volume reduction.
Keywords: thyroid nodule, prevention and control; drug therapy; iodine compounds, therapeutic use; levothyroxine, therapeutic use
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