Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinoma of the Salivary Gland

Authors

  • Jose M. Carnate, Jr. Department of Pathology College of Medicine University of the Philippines Manila Philippines
  • José Florencio F. Lapeña, Jr. Department of Otorhinolaryngology College of Medicine – Philippine General Hospital University of the Philippines Manila Philippines

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32412/pjohns.v28i1.507

Keywords:

carcinoma

Abstract

The World Health Organization  (2005) defines an epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) as a malignancy composed of two cell types that typically form duct-like structures.1 We present herein an archival case from the parotid gland.

 

EMC occurs primarily in the major salivary glands particularly in the parotid where it presents as a painless, slow-growing mass.1  Microscopic examination shows bi-layered tubular duct-like structures with pale to clear areas (Figure 1). The inner luminal layer is composed of cuboidal cells that are of epithelial derivation while the outer layer is composed  of polygonal cells that are of myoepithelial derivation (Figures 2 and 3). The latter typically have abundant clear cytoplasm.1,2

The  epithelial-myoepithelial  dualism is confirmed using immunohistochemical  stains; the epithelial cells being immunoreactive  for low molecular weight keratin and the myoepithelial cells for S-100 protein, muscle specific actin, vimentin and p63.1, 3

 

EMC is primarily a tumor of adulthood with peak incidence in the sixth and seventh decades. First described by Donath et al. in 1972,3   they are rare salivary gland neoplasms with an incidence of less than 1% arising mainly in the parotid gland4   although they have been documented in the lungs.5  Perineural and vascular invasion are frequent and recurrence occurs in around 40% of cases and metastasis in 14%.1 Although thought to be of low-grade malignancy, fatal courses have been described4  and “analysis of the various series have demonstrated that tumors with a solid growing pattern, nuclear atypia, DNA aneuploidy and high proliferative activity, generally have a more aggressive behavior and a higher frequency of local recurrences and metastases.”3

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Published

2013-06-18

How to Cite

1.
Carnate JM, Lapeña JFF. Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinoma of the Salivary Gland. Philipp J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg [Internet]. 2013 Jun. 18 [cited 2022 Dec. 6];28(1):36-7. Available from: https://pjohns.pso-hns.org/index.php/pjohns/article/view/507

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