A Preliminary Study on the Efficacy of Plumeria acuminata (Kalachuchi) Bark Extract Ointment versus Clotrimazole Cream in the Treatment of Otomycosis
Keywords:Otomycosis, kalachuchi, Plumeria acuminata Ait, clotrimazole, clinical trial, herbal medicine
Objective: To compare the therapeutic efficacy of kalachuchi (Plumeria acuminata Ait.) bark extract ointment (KO) and clotrimazole cream 1% (CC) in the treatment of otomycosis.
Design: Randomized double blind controlled trial
Setting: Outpatient otorhinolaryngology clinic of a tertiary private hospital
Subjects: Patients aged 18-years-old and above diagnosed clinically to have otomycosis with a positive potassium hydroxide (KOH) smear were randomly assigned to kalachuchi (Plumeria acuminata Ait.) bark extract ointment or clotrimazole cream 1% in unlabeled containers. Self-application thrice daily for two weeks followed initial detailed instructions and demonstration. Symptoms, physical findings and repeat KOH smears were recorded after the first and second weeks of treatment.
Results: Eighteen patients with otomycosis were enrolled in the study. There was one dropout per treatment group with no intention to treat. There were no statistically significant differences between KO and CC, with 75% (n=8) and 87.5% (n=8) cure rates, respectively. One subject in the KO arm reported severe ear pain.
Conclusion: Kalachuchi extract ointment may be a promising topical antifungal agent. Multicenter clinical trials to establish its efficacy and safety as an effective alternative in the management of otomycosis should be conducted.
Key words: Otomycosis, kalachuchi, Plumeria acuminata Ait., clotrimazole, clinical trial, herbal medicine
How to Cite
Copyright transfer (all authors; where the work is not protected by a copyright act e.g. US federal employment at the time of manuscript preparation, and there is no copyright of which ownership can be transferred, a separate statement is hereby submitted by each concerned author). In consideration of the action taken by the Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery in reviewing and editing this manuscript, I hereby assign, transfer and convey all rights, title and interest in the work, including copyright ownership, to the Philippine Society of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Inc. (PSOHNS) in the event that this work is published by the PSOHNS. In making this assignment of ownership, I understand that all accepted manuscripts become the permanent property of the PSOHNS and may not be published elsewhere without written permission from the PSOHNS unless shared under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.